Karate Test Framework Example: A Comprehensive Guide

Testing is a crucial aspect of software development that ensures the quality and reliability of the end product. Various testing frameworks are available that developers use to evaluate the efficiency and accuracy of their application. One such testing framework is Karate, a versatile open-source framework for API testing. This article provides a detailed Karate test framework example and emphasizes its features, advantages, and best practices.

What is the Karate Test Framework?

Karate is an automation testing tool used for API (Application Programming Interface) testing. Specifically, it is well-suited for testing REST (Representational State Transfer) APIs, GraphQL queries, and more. It’s a comprehensive testing framework that supports parallel test execution, JSON and XML payloads, and enables integration testing and end-to-end testing.

Karate is built on top of the widely used Cucumber framework, which uses the Gherkin syntax in writing test cases. Karate is regarded as an easy-to-use tool that enables Test automation – which tests automatically, which saves a lot of time.

Features of Karate Test Framework

Karate is loaded with some advanced features that make it ideal for API testing. Below is a list of some of its noteworthy features.


Karate uses a simplified and easy-to-read syntax, and it’s similar to the syntax in the Gherkin format. It’s also got great documentation that users can rely on.

JSON and XML Support

Karate makes it possible to directly work with JSON and XML payloads without performing any manual conversion. It also allows for easy customization and modification of these payloads.

Data-driven Testing

Karate supports data-driven testing where a single test scenario is run several times, each time using different data. Karate’s users have emphasized that this functionality is one of its outstanding features, as it helps make testing more versatile and effective.

Parallel Test Execution

Karate makes it possible to execute tests in parallel, thereby expediting the overall testing process, particularly where there are more tests to be carried out. This feature saves time and helps enhance the productivity of the testing process.

Dynamic Payload Creation

Karate supports dynamic payload creation, which significantly reduces the time spent on testing, leaving more time for developers to work on other projects. Developers can now create dynamic payloads using the scripting language, Groovy.

Karate Test Framework Example

Below is an example showing Karate Test Framework being used for API testing with a little explanation:

Consider a simple REST API that gets new users, creates new users, and gets user details:

Scenario: Get User

Feature: User Management API

Scenario: Get User
Given path ‚/user‘
And param user_id = ‚12345‘
When method get
Then status 200

In the above Karate test, the feature, “User Management API” comprises of Scenario: Get User, and it’s a simple test case. “Given” is how the test starts, setting up the path and user ID parameters. When the “get” method is called, then the status code is verified to be a 200 status code with “Then.”

Best Practices to Follow When Using Karate Test Framework

1. Write test cases in such a way that they can run without order.

2. For data-driven testing, use separate feature files, and if possible, separate the step definition file.

3. Avoid dependencies in the test framework.

4. For complex APIs, prioritize tests that are critical or high-risk functionality first.

5. Have clear test case names, so it’s easy to pinpoint when a test fails.

6. Use the HTML reporter option to generate test reports indicating which tests were passed or failed.

Frequently Asked Questions about Karate Test Framework Example

If you’re new to software testing, you might have heard of the Karate test framework. It’s an open-source testing framework that’s built on top of Cucumber and Gatling. Karate has been gaining popularity in the testing community because of its simplicity and effectiveness. Here are some frequently asked questions about Karate test framework example.

What is Karate test framework example?

Karate test framework is an open-source framework for testing web services. It enables you to design and execute automated tests in a simple and straightforward way. It is built on top of Cucumber and Gatling, which means it is easy to learn and use. With Karate, you can test web services that use HTTP, JSON, XML, and other formats.

How does Karate test framework work?

Karate test framework works by using a Gherkin syntax to write the tests. Gherkin is a simple natural language syntax that is used to write tests in Cucumber. The syntax is easy to read and understand, which makes it accessible to both technical and non-technical people. You can use this syntax to write feature files that describe the functionality you want to test. Then, you can use Karate to execute these tests and generate reports.

What are the advantages of using Karate test framework?

One of the main advantages of using Karate test framework is its simplicity. It is easy to learn and use, even for non-technical people. You can write tests using a natural language syntax, which makes it easier to maintain and understand. Karate also has built-in support for REST API testing and SOAP testing. It supports JSON, XML, and other data formats, which makes it flexible.

Karate also has a powerful set of assertions that you can use to validate your test results. These assertions are built on top of the AssertJ library, which means they are expressive and easy to use. You can also use Karate to test both positive and negative scenarios, which means you can catch bugs before they make it into production.

How do I set up Karate test framework example?

Setting up Karate test framework example is straightforward. First, you need to download and install Java JRE or JDK. Then, you can download Karate’s standalone JAR file from its GitHub repository. Once you have the JAR file, you can use it to run your feature files. Karate also has a Maven plugin that you can use to integrate it with your build system.

What are some best practices when using Karate test framework?

Here are some best practices when using Karate test framework:

1. Keep your feature files organized and easy to read. Use descriptive names for your scenarios and steps.

2. Use Karate’s built-in assertions to validate your test results. These are expressive and easy to use.

3. Use variables to make your tests more reusable. For example, you can use variables to store URLs or credentials that are used in multiple tests.

4. Use tags to organize your tests. Tags can help you to run specific tests or groups of tests.

5. Use the debug feature to troubleshoot issues. Karate has a built-in debug feature that allows you to step through your code and see the values of variables.

Karate Test Framework Example: A Step-by-Step Guide

Creating a reliable test framework is essential for the success of any project. Karate is one of the best test automation frameworks available today, thanks to its robust features, simple syntax, and codeless setup. In this post, we’ll go through the step-by-step process of creating a karate test framework example so you can get started with testing your applications today.

Step 1: Install Java and Maven

Karate is built on Java, so the first step to creating a test framework is to install Java. You can download the latest stable version of Java from the official website (https://www.oracle.com/java/technologies/javase-downloads.html) according to your OS specifications.

Once you have Java installed, you’ll also need to install Maven, which is a popular build automation tool. You can download the latest version of Maven (https://maven.apache.org/download.cgi) and follow the installation instructions provided on the official website.

Step 2: Install Karate

To install Karate, all you need to do is add the karate dependency to your Maven project. Open your project’s pom.xml file and add the following dependency:




After adding the dependency, update your project by running the following command:

mvn clean install

This should download and install all the required dependencies for Karate.

Step 3: Create the Test Folder Structure

Like all test frameworks, karate requires a specific folder structure for your tests. Create a new folder named “src/test/java” at the root of your project, and then inside that folder, create a new package named “com.example.test” (replace example with your project name).

Inside the package, create a new directory named “feature”, where you’ll define all your feature files. Create a new directory named “runner”, where you’ll define all your runner files.

Step 4: Define Your First Feature

A feature file describes what the test is going to do. Create a new file named “myFirstFeature.feature” inside the ‘feature’ directory. Add the following content:

Feature: My First Feature

Scenario: Verify the Homepage
Given url ‚http://example.com‘
When method GET
Then status 200
And match $.headers[‚content-type‘] contains ‚text/html‘

This is a basic example of a feature file. We’re telling Karate to visit the homepage of “example.com”, verify that the page loads successfully (status=200) and check that the content type is “text/html”.

Step 5: Define Your Runner

Now that we have a feature file, we need to create a runner for it. Create a new file named “MyFirstRunner.java” inside the ‘runner’ directory. Add the following content:

package com.example.test.runner;

import com.intuit.karate.junit5.Karate;

public class MyFirstRunner {
public Karate testMyFirstFeature() {
return Karate.run(„myFirstFeature“).relativeTo(getClass());

This runner file tells Karate to execute the feature file we just created. The @Karate.Test annotation is required for Karate to recognize that this is a test file. The testMyFirstFeature() function is used to specify the name of the feature file that needs to be executed.

Step 6: Run Your Tests

We’re now ready to run our first test! Run the following command from the root of your project:

mvn test

This should run the single test we created in Step 4 and provide you with the results. If everything was done correctly, you should see a success message in your console.

Step 7: Write More Tests

That’s it! You’ve successfully created a karate test framework example and executed your first test. You can now write more feature files to test all aspects of your application. Karate provides an extensive set of keywords that you can use to create complex tests that cover all possible scenarios.


Karate is an incredible test framework that can help you create quality tests in a simple, codeless manner. By following the steps outlined in this post, you can create your own karate test framework example and start testing your applications today. Remember to keep your tests concise, efficient and reliable, and use Karate’s features to their full potential, and you’ll start reaping the rewards of better software testing.

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